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research:urban_area:potsdam

Potsdam

Climate change and the German energy transition give the incentive to invest in renewable energy. However, the acceptance of renewable energy, especially of wind turbines, differs among society. Several positive and negative factors can lead to either a high acceptance of wind turbines or it can lead to a low social acceptance of wind turbines.

Data availability and data reliability can be great obstacles for assessing the social acceptance of wind turbines in a particular region. This analysis conducted a qualitative and quantitative survey in the area of Potsdam on various days in the month of June in 2016. The aim of this study is the analysis of several hypotheses. These hypotheses can be summed up as follows:

  • The acceptance of wind energy is higher in urban areas than in rural areas
  • Are people better or worse informed about energy sources in Potsdam than in rural areas? If yes, can this be linked to their level of acceptance?
  • Do people share the opinion of cities being able to contribute to the energy transition? If yes, how?
  • A higher acceptance among young people
  • A higher acceptance among more educated people (Westerberg et al., 2016)
  • Is the occupation linked to their acceptance of wind energy? (Bergmann, 2007; Maruyama et al., 2007)
  • Do people feel disturbed by wind power plants when spending leisure time outside in the area of Potsdam? (Firestone et al., 2012; Westerberg et al., 2015; Firestone et al., 2009)
  • Green purchase behaviour is higher in districts with higher average rental price (Bergmann, 2007; Khorsand et al., 2015, Lin et al. 2015)

The following methodology will describe the study area and the general approach of the study.

The city Potsdam is the center of this study. Potsdam is the capital of the German federal state of Brandenburg and adjoins to Berlin. The map in Figure 1 illustrates the study area and shows the fourteen districts of Potsdam.

Übersicht Potsdam
Figure 1

Approximately 160.000 citizens live in Potsdam. In addition, around 10.000 of these citizens are employed in scientific institutions and almost 25.000 students are enrolled at the “University of Potsdam, University of Applied Science, College for Sport and Management, Film University Babelsberg KONRAD WOLF and the Hoffbauer Vocational Academy” (Landeshauptstadt Potsdam, 2016a). It offers historical parks with traditional castle complexes as well as many recreational sites such as Freundschaftsinsel and the Volkspark. Furthermore, the region has various water bodies which account for almost 10 percent. Forests can be found in all parts of the town. Almost 50 percent of Potsdam’s urban area is environmentally protected by law (Landeshauptstadt Potsdam, 2016b).


  • Bergmann, A., Colombo, S., Hanley, N., 2007, rural versus urban preferences for renewable energy developments. In: Ecological Economics (2008): 616-625.
  • Caporale, D., De Lucia, C., 2015, Social acceptance of on-shore wind energy in Apulia Region (Southern Italy). In: Renewable and sustainable energy reviews 52 (2015): 1378-1390.
  • Firestone, J., Kempton, W., Krueger, A., 2009, Public Acceptance of Offshore Wind Power Projects in the USA. In: Wind Energ 12: 183 - 202.
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  • Fotolia, 2016. Potsdam, Stadtgliederung, Stadtteile. [online] Available at: https://de.fotolia.com/id/45378551. Last accessed: 30th May, 2016
  • Khorsand, I., Kormos, C., Macdonald, E. G., Crawford, C., 2015: wind energy in the city: an interurban comparison of social acceptance of wind energy projects. In: Energy Research & Social Science 8 (2015): 66-77.
  • Landeshauptstadt Potsdam, 2016a. Wissenschaft/Bildung. [online] Available at: http://www.potsdam.de/kategorie/wissenschaft-bildung. Last accessed: 20th May, 2016
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  • Maruyama, Y., Nishikido, M., Iida, T., 2007: The rise of community wind power in Japan: Enhanced acceptance through social innovation. In: Energy Policy 35 (2007): 2761-2769.
  • Westerberg, V., Jacobsen, J. B., Lifran, R., 2015: Offshore wind farms in Southern Europe - Determining tourist preference and social acceptance. In: Energy Research & Social science 10 (2015): 165 - 179.
research/urban_area/potsdam.txt · Last modified: 2017/03/09 23:39 by r.rodriguescamargo